Uterine Factor Infertility
Abnormalities of the uterus can cause infertility by interfering with embryo implantation and fetal growth. Uterine factor infertility is relatively uncommon occurring in less than 5 percent of women.
Sometimes a woman is born with a misshapen uterus, such as the bicornuate or horned uterus, which can sometimes be corrected surgically. Large polyps and fibroids can also interfere with fetal growth and are removed usually via a laparoscopy.
Severe pelvic infections (pelvic inflammatory disease, PID) caused by a variety of microorganisms can permanently damage the uterus and tubes. Cancer treatment may also require the removal of the uterus.